According to the theory, the Germanic race appeared and evolved in the ancient Teutonic forests, endowed with a great capacity for politics and government. In Search of the European and American mind pp. Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History. This page was last edited on 11 May , at The Frontier Thesis came about at a time when the Germanic germ theory of history was popular. In spite of this, Turner laments, the frontier has received little serious study from historians and economists.
William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century. Other historians, who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, started in the s to criticize the frontier thesis because it did not attempt to explain the evolution of those groups. Notify me of new comments via email. Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power. You are commenting using your Google account. For many women, Asians, Mexicans who suddenly found themselves residents of the United States, and, of course, Indians, the West was no promised land. Works by, Frederick Jackson Turner.
They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, turnegs, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues. Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line.
Comps Notes: Frederick Jackson Turner’s “The Significance of the Frontier in American History”
A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in the United States before Turner. Slatta argues that the widespread popularization of Turner’s frontier frotnier influenced popular histories, motion pictures, and novels, which characterize the West in terms of individualism, frontier violence, and rough justice.
Turner’s essay reached triumphalist heights in his belief that the promotion of individualistic democracy was the most important effect of the frontier. However, others viewed this interpretation as the impetus for a new wave in the history of United States imperialism. Indeed, his influence was felt in American classrooms until the s and 80s.
The frontier transformed Jeffersonian democracy into Jacksonian democracy. Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended rrontier networks. American intellect owes its form to the frontier as well.
It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts. The numerous Indian wars provoked by American expansion belie Turner’s argument that the American “free land” frontier was a sharp contrast with European nations’ borders with other states. Retrieved from ” https: Turner frotnier up the East and the West as opposing forces; as the West strives for freedom, the East seeks to control it.
Cooperation and communities of various sorts, not isolated individuals, made possible the absorption of the West into the United States. His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his argument.
PBS – THE WEST – Frederick Jackson Turner
Three years before Turner’s pronouncement of the frontier thesis, the U. Previous Post Ice, Wolves, Sheet. According to the theory, the Germanic race appeared and evolved in the ancient Teutonic forests, endowed with a great capacity for politics and government. Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could experience less institutionalized forms of racism and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance.
Kingsland, The Evolution of American Ecology, — p. Religious institutions from the eastern seaboard, in particular, battled for possession of the West. Email required Address never made public. Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History.
They were written between September and July History of the United States. Frederick Jackson Turner “The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development.
The mainstream of the profession has long since discarded Turner’s assumption that the frontier is the key to American history as a whole; they point instead to the critical influence of such factors as slavery and the Civil War, immigration, and the development of industrial capitalism. Turner’s contribution to American history was to argue that the frontier past best explained the distinctive history of the United States.
Frontier Thesis The Frontier thesis was formulatedwhen American historian Frederick Jackson Turner theorized that the availability of unsettled land throughout much of American history was the most important factor determining national development. You are commenting using your Google account. The Frontier Thesis came about at a time when the Germanic germ theory of history was popular. Proponents of the germ theory believed that political habits are determined by innate racial attributes.
No known restrictions on publication.
Grossman, The Frontier in American Culture p.